Ministry of Water Resources Govt. of India


Chandigarh at a glance

1.   LOCATION

longitude 76042: 76051
latitude 300 40:300 46

2.   AREA

114 Sq.Km.
(Urban 78 Sq.km. Rural 36 Sq.km.)

3.  POPULATION

900914 (2001 Census)
Male-508224
Female-392690
Density-7903 persons/sq.km.

4.  LITERACY

81.76% (2001 Census)
Total 647208 Persons
Male-384563
Female-262645

5.  PHYSIOGRAPHY

Hills
Piedmont zone (kandi area)
Sirowal zone
Alluvial Plain

6.  RAINFALL

1074mm(Normal annual rainfall)
Heaviest rainfall in single day-234.9mm     (25th Sept.1955)

7. TEMPERATURE

Maximum 46.5 0C (20th June 1964)
Minimum  -1.20 C(26th Jan.1964)

8. GEOLOGY

Alluvium
Sirowal          Quaternary
Kandi
Siwaliks     ] Tertiary

    SOILS

        1.                  Sand to sandy loam (Northern Part)

        2.                  Loamy sand to silt loam (Southern Part)

 

   LAND USE: YEAR 2000

a)

Area not available for cultivation

88.60 Sq.km. (79%)

b)

Net area sown

15.22 Sq.km.(13.35 %)

c)

Current fallow

0.25 Sq.km   (0%)

d)

Fallow other than current

5.08 Sq.km   (4%)

e)

Forest area

2.10 Sq.km    (2%)

f)

Other uncultivable land excluding fallow land

2.75Sq.km    (2%)

   URBAN WATER SUPPLY (2001)

Demand
Available supply
Canal Supply
Ground Water Supply
Water available, from Tertiary
treated Sewage water
No.of tubewells
Water Supply per capita

RURAL WATER SUPPLY

Water Supply per capita
Canal Supply
Ground Water supply

IRRIGATION

No. of tubewells
Area covered under irrigation

HORTICULTURE
Area
No.of tubewells

GROUND WATER RESOURCES

Recharge
Draft

0.522 MCM (115 MGD)
0.281 MCM (62 MGD)
0.224 MCM (49.5 MGD)
0.063 MCM (14 MGD) 
0.013 MCM (3 MGD)

163
218  liters./day(48 gallon/day)

 

  182 liters/day (40 gallon/day)
  Nil
  32 Tubewells

 

35
15.22 Sq.km.

 
26.7 Sq.km.
3

 

33  MCM
80  MCM

    DEPTH TO WATER LEVEL:

A) Shallow (unconfined aquifer - 5 to 10 mbgl
B) Deep (Confined aquifer) - 20 45 mbgl

    DEPTH OF TUBEWELLS:

A) Shallow (Horticulture) - 90m
B) Deep - 240 to 305m

                       Aquifer Screened in deep tubewells

                       Zones below the depth of 90m approximately

 

       PROJECTED WATER DEMAND:

                           2006  - 0.567 MCM(125 MGD)

            2011 0.621 MCM (137 MGD)

            2016 0.671 MCM (148 MGD)

            2020 0.712 MCM (157 MGD)

   RIVER BASIN: -

A) BASIN AREA (sq.km.) SUB BASIN
B) INDUS 114 sq.km. GHAGGAR

   CROPPING PATTERN:

A) Kharif crop - Rice, Maize, Bajra, Potato, Sugarcane
B) Rabi crop - Wheat, Barley, Gram, Oil seeds etc.

   Transmissivity

 

A) Shallow tubewells(upto 90m) - 195m2/day -  330m2/day
B) Deep tubewells  - 91m2/day  -  850m2 /day

   Storativity

        0.0004 (Showing confined nature of aquifer system)

  No.of Hydograph network stations

 

A) Dug well  - 1No.
B) Piezometers - 16 Nos. ( Shallow 6 Nos  Deep 10 Nos).
C) Total - 17 nos.

   Number of tubewells:

 

A) Urban water supply  - 163
B) Rural Water Supply - 32
C) Irrigation - 35
D) Horticulture     - 3
E) Private agriculture - 90
F) Others - 239

Total

562

       Artificial Recharge Schemes:

Completed under Central Sector Schemes

            A.                 Roof Top Rainwater Harvesting 2

 i. CSIO Complex
 ii. Basic Medical Sciences Building, Panjab University

 

            B.                 Utilising monsoon runoff 1 

 i. Leisure Valley, Sector-10

           C.                 Schemes approved under Central Sector

 i. DAV Senior Secondary School, Sector-8
 ii. TTTI , Sector-26
iii. Chandigarh Housing Board Office Complex, Sector-9
iv. Dividing roads Sectors-26,27, 19, 30 & 20
v. Bhu-Jal Building , Sector-27-A