Ministry of Water Resources Govt. of India


Punjab at a glance

 

LOCATION

Longitude 73o5000" to 77o0000" E
Latitude    29o3200" to 32o2800" N

AREA

50,362 Sq.Km

POPULATION

242.89 (2001 Census)
URBAN -   82.45 Lacs
RURAL -   160.44 Lacs

PHYSIOGRAPHY

Hills
Eroded Hills with flat land (Plateau)
Intermontane valley
Piedmont area (Kandi area)
Sirowal zones
Alluvial  plains (active/recent flood plains, Abandoned flood plain, Bar upland areas
Sand dunes

 

WATER AVAILABILITY  FROM RAINFALL, PUNJAB  (ON THE BASIS OF NORMAL RAINFALL)

SL NO

DISTRICT

RAINFALL

(mm)

AREA

(SQ.KM.)

TOTAL PRECIPITATION (BCM)

1

Amritsar

691

5096

3.521

2

Bhatinda

404

3385

1.368

3

Faridkot

450

1469

0.661

4

Fatehgarh

635

1180

0.749

5

Ferozepur

437

5303

2.317

6

Gurdaspur

1002

3564

3.571

7

Hoshiarpur

941

3365

3.166

8

Jalandhar

             789

2632

2.077

9

Kapurthala

428

1632

0.698

10

Ludhiana

681

3767

2.565

11

Mansa

494

2171

1.072

12

Moga

463

2216

1.026

13

Muktsar

353

2615

0.923

14

Nawanshahr

849

1267

1.076

15

Patiala

631

3625

2.287

16

Ropar

859

2055

1.765

17

Sangrur

552

5020

2.771

 

TOTAL

 

50362

31.616

GEOLOGY

 

Quaternary     Recent  Newer     Aeolian deposits : wind blown
                                                                             fine sand and silt, sand dunes, fluvial
                                                                             deposits, unconsolidated sand, silt, clay,
                                                                             kankar, gravel boulder etc.

Pliest-   Older   Fluvialdeposits:Unconsolida-
ocene      Allu-    ted gravel,   sands,   silts, 
                          vium     clays and kankar

Tertiary       Pliocene    Upper     Boulder, conglomerate, pebbly
                                   
to lower  Siwaliks  sandstone and clay
                                    Pliesto- cene

Middle    Middle    Sandstone, conglomerate, sub-
Miocene   Siwaliks  greywacke and clay
to upper Miocene

Middle    Lower    Sandstone  and sub-greywacke   
Siwaliks with marly clay and conglomerate

 

SOILS

1.     Brown or Reddish brown soil

2.     Reddish chestnuts soils

3.     Salt affected soils

4.     Fluvent soils

5.     Piedmont plain soils

6.     Sub Humid soils

7.     Aridic soils

LAND USE

a)

Cultivable area 

42,150 Sq.km(83% of total area)

b)

Area sown more

36,710 Sq.km. than once

c) 

Cropping intensity

186%

d) 

Forest area 

3,058 Sq.km.  

 

RIVER BASINS  

S.No

Basin

Sub Basins

Area(Sq.Km.)    

1.

Indus

i) Ravi
ii) Beas
iii) Satluj
iv) Ghaggar

50,362

 

CROPPING PATTERN

 


 

 

a)

KHARIF :  Rice, Maize, Bajra, Jawar, Sugar Cane, Potato
CROP       Cotton, Oil seeds and Pulses

b) 

RABI    :  Wheat, Barley, oil seeds and Grams etc.             
CROP

DETAILS   

(i)

Rice

26,120 Sq.km.

 (ii)

Wheat

34,080 Sq.km.

(iii)

Maize

16,40 Sq.km

(iv)

Bajra 

60 Sq.km.

(v)

Gram

80 Sq.km.

(vi)

Sugarcane

1210 Sq.km.

(vii)

Cotton

4730 Sq.km

(viii)

Ground nut

40 Sq.km.  

(ix)

Sunflower

100 Sq.Km

 

GROUND WATER POTENTIAL (DYNAMIC) as on 1.4.2002  

TOTAL REPLENISHABLE GROUND WATER RESOURCE m.ham/yr)

1.821577  

PROVISION FOR DOMESTIC , INDUSTRIAL AND OTHER USES  ( m.ham./yr)

0.182158  

AVAILABLE GROUND WATER RESOURCES FOR IRRIGATION ( m.ham./yr)

1.639419  

UTILIZABLE GROUND WATER RESOURCES FOR IRRIGATION  ( m.ham./yr)

1.475477

GROSS DRAFT ( m.ham./yr) AS ON 31.3.02- PRORATA BASIS

2.030674  

NET DRAFT ( m.ham./yr) AS ON 31.3.02

1.421472  

BALANCE GROUND WATER RESOURCE FOR FUTURE USE ( m.ham./yr)

0.217947

LEVEL OF GROUND WATER DEVELOPMENT  %                   | Present

86.71
                                                                               | After 5years 94.51

IN-STORAGE GROUND WATER RESOURCES (Upto 450m)  

a)

Fresh  

9,77,411 mcm

b)

Brackish/Saline    

36,867 mcm  

GROUND WATER EXPLORATION

Exploratory Wells

142

Observation Wells

154

Piezometers

75

Slim Holes  

22

NO. OF HYDROGRAPH NET WORK STATIONS  

a)

Dug wells

307

b)

Piezometers 

92

c)

Total 

399